Michigan Municipal League Review Magazine September/October 2023
Reprinted with permission.
Michigan’s Path to a Prosperous Future: Population and Demographic Challenges and Opportunities CONCLUSIONS & IMPLICATIONS By Ani Turner, Corwin Rhyan, Beth Beaudin-Seiler, and Samuel Obbin (Altarum); Eric Lupher, Robert Schneider, and Eric Paul Dennis (Citizens Research Council Michigan’s population growth has lagged the nation for 50 years. Michigan’s population growth tracked the nation’s until the 1970s, when Michigan’s growth began to slow. The state has since fallen from 7th to 10th most populous state and has lost six seats in the U.S. House of Representatives. From 2000 to 2020, Michigan grew more slowly than all but one state. This slow growth path is projected to continue. Projections to 2050 show that Michigan is on a path to continue to grow more slowly than the rest of the country, and to begin to lose population in the 2040s. International immigration provides a consistent inflow to Michigan’s population. The natural increase in the population (births minus deaths) is currently positive but is projected to turn negative (more deaths than births) by 2040. Domestic migration represents a net loss in population as more people are leaving for other states than are moving to Michigan, and the state is projected to lose an additional 270,000 people on net to other states by 2050. International immigration has been a net addition to Michigan’s population and is projected to add about 22,000 people per year, or more than 600,000 people in the coming decades, but after 2046 this will not be enough to offset the other losses. Michigan’s population is older than average and getting older. By 2050, it is projected that the population of children and young adults will shrink by six percent and the working age population will be stagnant (falling over the next decade, then recovering to just above the current level), while the population of people aged 65 and older will grow by 30 percent. The shift to fewer workers per retiree presents challenges for the workforce, customer base, and tax base. Michigan’s population is projected to become more racially and ethnically diverse. Black, Hispanic, Asian, and other groups are growing while the non-Hispanic White population is declining. By 2050, 40 percent of the working age population will be people of color. Visit crcmich.org for the complete set of papers 1-5.
Strategies to keep more people in Michigan, especially young people, and to attract more people to the state offer the potential to shift the state’s population and demographic path.
14 THE REVIEW
SEPTEMBER / OCTOBER 2023
Made with FlippingBook Annual report maker